Empowerment of Disabled people

Empowerment of Disabled people

Friends in today’s post we can see the rights of Empowerment of disabled people. These are the undivided part of the societies. They should be respected as the others. But there is even something that they have not got the position of parallelization.

Woman Wheelchair Disabled - Free vector graphic on Pixabay
Empowerment of Disabled people

According to the 2011 Census, there were 2.68 crores (2.21 percent) persons with disabilities in India, but some other estimates suggest that the actual number may be more than 5 percent of our population. However, in the last few years, the attitude towards persons with disabilities has changed a lot. The government has also now focused on the rights-based economic empowerment of persons with disabilities. In the year 2016, the International Day of Persons with Disabilities was observed on 3rd December.

Implementation of the Disabilities Act of 1995

With the implementation of the Disabilities Act of 1995 i.e. Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights, and Full Participation, the first step has been taken for their rights-based economic empowerment. India’s second step is to accept the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). A new bill has been introduced in the Rajya Sabha, in which there is a provision to enhance this process.

Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014

There is a provision to include several demands of rights groups and activists of persons with disabilities in this bill. These people are pressurizing to get it passed in Parliament soon.

Some of the important provisions of this bill include making accessibility mandatory for persons with disabilities under the law, increasing the number of proposed beneficiary categories from 7 to 19, and also the entitlement of certain benefits to persons with at least 40 percent disability. There is also a provision to provide handicapped-friendly access to all public buildings, hospitals, and means of transport, polling stations, etc. Violation of any provision of this Bill is punishable under law.

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Apart from this, through the proposed law, the government has taken several measures for the empowerment of persons with disabilities.

Accessible India Campaign -Empowerment of Disabled people

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Empowerment of Disabled people

This campaign was started almost a year ago on 15th December. The objective of this flagship program of the government is to provide accessibility to the differently-abled by creating an enabling and barrier-free environment. It has been focused on three objectives- Accessibility in a ready environment, Accessibility in the transport system, and access to knowledge and ICT ecosystem. According to the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, the work of checking 1092 buildings out of 1098 buildings in 31 cities has already been completed to make the buildings completely accessible.

Accessible library

The government in August this year launched an online platform “Sugamya Librarian”, where Divyangjan can access library books at the click of a button. Persons with disabilities can have any publication in Braille script on any device of their choice like mobile phone, tablet, computer, the dizzy player even on the braille display. A copy of the Braille script can also be requested through a member of the Braille press organization.

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Shri A.K. Mittal believes that there has been a significant improvement in the state of availability of basic stationery and walking aids like canes for blind people. Appreciating the government’s initiative regarding generous grants for the production of books in Braille script, he said that if this scheme for modernization and setting up of new Braille presses is implemented properly, it will increase the production of books.

UDID card – Empowerment of Disabled people

The government has proposed to introduce web-based Exceptional Disability Identification (UDID) card. This initiative will go a long way in ensuring the authenticity of Divyang certificates and will eliminate the hassle of carrying multiple certificates for different tasks, as various details including the type of Divyang will be available online.

Scholarship scheme

The government has also started the scheme for the students who want to get pre-matric (46000 slots), post-matriculation (16650 slots) and higher-level education (100 slots).


A National Action Plan was launched last year for skill training of persons with disabilities. The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities in collaboration with NSDC has proposed to set an ambitious target of imparting skill training to five lakh persons with disabilities in the next three years (1 lakh in the first year, 1.5 lakh in the second year, and 2.5 lakh in the third year). The objective of the action plan is to provide skill training to 25 lakh Divyangjans by the end of 2022.

Social empowerment camp

The department organizes camps to distribute aids and equipment to the differently-abled. The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, distributed aids and assistive devices to over 11,000 Divyangjans in one such camp held in Gujarat in September. Similar camps were also organized to cater to the needs of Divyangjans living in remote areas across the country.

Areas of concern – Empowerment of Disabled people

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Empowerment of Disabled people

In spite of more than a decade of the first Act for Divyangjans and special recruitment drives from time to time, only about one percent of the reserved seats in government jobs have been filled only about one percent and this has been acknowledged by the government itself. More than 14,000 identified posts are yet to be filled. About 10,000 seats reserved for the blind are to be filled. A 2011 report by the International Labor Organization states that in India, more than 73 percent of people with disabilities are still out of the labor force and the mentally challenged, women with disabilities, and people with disabilities living in rural areas are the most neglected.

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More than half of such children do not go to school despite the government taking several steps to enroll children with disabilities in schools. Activists hope that the situation can improve if the Right to Education is implemented literally.

The activists have also requested to increase research and development on assistive devices and assistive devices for persons with disabilities, so as to facilitate their access to various facilities.

Hopes and aspirations

The vision of an increasingly inclusive and equitable world can be realized by several schemes and programs launched during the last two years.

Friends I hope you have understood well about the position and empower of disabled people in our societies.

Thanks for reading. More posts will come on disabled people in the future.

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