Vermi Compost Farming Near Me
Vermi Compost Farming Near Me
The Indian economy is based on agriculture. Our country is essentially an agroforestry-based country. Indians have always considered an abundance of food as the primary condition of their civilization and the sharing of food was the primary discipline of civilized living. The Vermi Compost Farming Near Me is one of them that grows the country’s economy.
But in the present scenario, India is hungry. India produces around 200 million tons of food grains for the population of 1000 million people implying an average of 200 kg per capita per year.
Of the gross production if the amount used for seeds for cattle feed and to some extent waste is reduced then it comes to less than 180 kg per capita per year.
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It is less than the estimated minimum amount to avoid starvation. Whatever is there in our food stocks it is because people don’t have the purchasing power and the managerial nonsense by the states.
Therefore to meet the increasing food demands of the growing population, the Green Revolution was brought in. It was based on a monoculture of high-yielding varieties of seeds supported by chemical fertilizers pesticides, and irrigation facilities focused on maximum production.
Vermi Compost Farming Near Me and its Analysis
To overcome all these problems, Vermicompost is the only remedy. It is only the compost without chemicals. The addition of such organic manures helps in improving soil fertility and provides all 16 nutrients required by the plants in a balanced proportion.
The application of bio-manures increases aeration and soil porosity and facilitates the growth of soil microbes like Azotobactors, Rhizobium, and PSMs naturally (Known as bio-fertilizers recently) which helps in nitrogen fixation and mineralizing nutrients in soils.
Besides some of these manures like biogas-digested slurry and Vermicompost contain a sufficient count of these beneficial micro-organisms which helps in increasing the fertility of soil leading to sustainable crop production.
Vermicompost is made from Agricultural waste, Animal waste, Industrial waste, Garden waste, and town waste. Production of Vermicompost is very simple not technological and highly profitable in all respects.
These days it is a matter of great problem to dispose of these wastes which will be converted into fertilizer easily by the Vermicomposting process to use in farming sectors.
In this era of the green revolution and biotechnology, the significant use of our natural resources and traditional practices of preparing organic manures and applying them to the soil is neglected.
Bio-manures can be produced throughout the country in a big way as well as a small-scale rural industry as the production of Vermicompost is an easy process and easily manageable in rural areas.
WHY BIO-MANURES AS VERMICOMPOST
India is primarily a country of agriculture. In this field, the future of our country rests on achievements from time to time. With this view, agricultural practice shifted towards mechanized agriculture.
Attainment of autonomous technologies relating to the breeding of high-yield varieties of crops, improved management of agricultural inputs like water, plant nutrients, plant production measures, and improvement in crop management practices followed by credit support to the farmers.
These efforts have resulted in doubling food grain production twice since the beginning of the planning era in the year 1950-51 when the food grains production was 50.80 million tonnes in the country, which had reached a level of about 200 million tonnes in the year 1996-97.
Foodgrain production is required to be further doubled by the next decade, keeping in view the growth in population. Notwithstanding the attainment of self-sufficiency in food production, the quality of nutrition and the availability of food to every Indian remain to be improved.
VERMI COMPOST IN TREND – Vermi Compost Farming Near Me
An analysis of plant nutrient use in the country shows that chemical nutrients are a major source. A consumption level of about 18 million tonnes of nutrients in the country represents an average of about 90 kg. of nutrients per hectare during 1999-2000.
Organic manures and bio-fertilizers have great potential but their actual consumption is not significant. However, this situation has to be improved.
Sustainable agriculture is a form of agriculture that aims to meet the needs of the current generation without endangering the resource base for future generations.
More food has to be produced to feed the buried population and do so without erosion of the resource base. Extending agriculture to ecologically fragile areas means a greater threat to the environment.
It will be minimal dependence on synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and antibiotics in sustainable agriculture. It is also considered a farming system with the use of manure, crop rotation, and minimum tillage.
Sustainable agriculture is a balanced management system of renewable resources without deterioration of soils, wildlife, forests, crops, fish livestock, plant genetic resources, and ecosystems, and to sustain or improve the productivity and ecosystem services of these resources to present and future generations. Food livestock is to be provided for.
Natural resources not only provide food, fiber, fuel, and fodder but also serve ecosystem services such as detoxification of toxic chemicals within soils, purification of water, favorable weather, and regulation of hydrological processes within watersheds.
Sustainable agriculture is to replenish nutrients and control weeds, pests, and diseases through biological and cultural methods.
VERMICOMPOST PRODUCTION-Vermi Compost Farming Near Me
The production of earthworm species by the scientific process under a controlled process is called vermiculture. The biological degradation of organic waste by feeding the waste to agricultural waste, municipal waste, animal waste, industrial waste, and garden waste is called vermicompost.
How to Start Vermicomposting
Starting your vermicomposting adventure is relatively straightforward. Here’s a basic guide:
- Select a Bin: Choose a suitable container for your worms, like a plastic or wooden bin with a lid. Ensure it has good drainage and ventilation.
- Add Bedding: Create comfortable bedding for your worms using materials like shredded newspaper, cardboard, or coconut coir. Moisten it until it’s as damp as a wrung-out sponge.
- Introduce Worms: Purchase Red Wigglers or another suitable worm species from a reputable source and place them in the bin.
- Feed Your Worms: Add kitchen scraps (avoid citrus, onions, and meat), garden waste, and other organic matter to the bin regularly. Bury the food scraps beneath the bedding.
- Maintain Conditions: Keep the bin in a cool, shady spot, maintain proper moisture levels, and periodically turn the bedding to aerate it.
- Harvest the Castings: When the bedding is mostly converted into vermicompost, you can harvest it by gently separating the worms from the castings. Use the castings to enrich your garden soil.
PROPERTIES OF VERMICOMPOST
Vermicompost will be an economical venture when it is taken up at the vacantly of the waste generating places. It has to be practiced by the farmer, rather than buying the compost produced by others.
With the available resources in the field, Vermicompost can be produced as it has to be part of the integrated farming system.
Vermicompost, just as it forms the nutrient resource to the field, well-developed worm from the rich protein source in aquaculture and poultry farms.
- It is a loosely compacted granule that is rich in Vermi mucus and energy.
- It helps the land to properly circulate the air, increase water holding capacity, and increase root strength.
- It is very familiar to the soil.
- It is odorless and similar to the soil odor.
- It is rich in Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria, Phosphate-soluble bacteria, Fanzine, Anti neomycin properties, plant development-promoting bacteria, and many polymers.
- It is rich in many bio-active compounds which help to improve the capacity of the plant in all respects.
- It contains humic acids that increase and help the plants in the production of roots, and stems, and develop the pregnancy culture of the plant.
- It is easily manageable and handled.
- It has very low harming properties.
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF VERMICOMPOST
Vermicompost has the following chemical compositions:-
On the basis of Agriculture University Bangalore:-
- Organic Carbon 9.15% to 17.98%
- Total Nitrogen 0.50% to 1.50%
- Available Phosphorus 0.10% to 0.30%
- Available Potassium 0.15% to 0.56%
- Available Sodium 0.06% to 0.30%
- Calcium & Magnesium 22.67 to 70.00MEq per 100 gm.
- Copper 2.00 to 9.50ppm
- Iron 2.00 to 9.30ppm
- Zink 5.70 to 11.50ppm
- Available Sulfur 128.00 to 548ppm
LIST OF WASTE MATERIALS FOR VERMICOMPOST:-
- Agricultural waste.
- Animal waste.
- Garden waste.
- Town waste.
- Agro-Industrial waste:-
- From food processing units.
- From vegetable oil refinery.
- From sugar factory.
- From braveries & distilleries.
- From seed processing units.
- From aromatic oil extraction units.
- From Coyer Industries.
TYPES OF EARTHWORMS FOR VERMICOMPOST
There are four domestic species of earthworm that are used in the production of Vermicompost:-
- Eisenia foetida:- It is also called European compost verm, brandling verm Tiger verm.
- Eudrilus eugeniae:- it is also called the African nightcrawler.
- Perionyx – excavatus:- it is also called oriental compost verm.
- 4. Lumbricus rubilus:- It is also called red verm.